Introduction: Penang Island (Malay: Pulau Pinang; Chinese: 檳榔嶼 Tamil:பினாங்கு தீவு) is located off the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. It was named the Prince of Wales Island when it was occupied by the British East India Company on 12 August 1786,in honour of the Prince of Wales, later King George IV. The capital, George Town, was named after the reigning King George III. With an area of 295 km2 (114 sq mi), Penang Island is the fourth-largest island in Malaysia, after Banggi Island, Bruit Island and Langkawi Island. It is also the most populated island in the country with an estimated population of 738,500.